South Garo Hills District
South Garo Hills District is one of the newest districts in the State after creation of Meghalaya. The creation of this district was declared on 1st June 1992 by bifurcating it from the erstwhile West Garo Hills District. Its total area is 1887 Sq Kms. The district has a population of 99,105. Baghmara is the district headquarters. The district has 122 Kms long International Border with Bangladesh . Majority of inhabitants in the district are Garos. There are some non-Garos also at the district Hqrs Baghmara. No private or Central Government establishments are located in this district.
Main occupation of the people in South Garo Hills is agriculture, although some people engage themselves in extracting coal from Nangalbibra, Chokpot and Siju coal belt area and exporting of coal to Bangladesh from Gasuapara coal exporting point. People are also involved in limestone mining near Chokpot and all the limestones are supplied to "The Virgo Cement Factory" situated at Dammas in East Garo Hills District. The popular festival of the Garos is "Wangala" observed during October and November. Baghmara also celebrates "Winter Boat Race" in Simsang River during November in which both men and women take part.
The District is renowned for its several historical and tourist spots which include "Dilsa Abri" hills at Baghmara where the rare "Pitcher Flower" is found in abundance, the famous Siju Cave, Siju Pathar where thousands of migratory birds from Siberia come every winter, Balpakram National Park. Dombe Wari natural lake, Chitmang (Kailash) hill top and many other caves. About 150 varieties of orchids and other natural vegetation are found here.
South Garo Hills District Executive Force has a sanctioned strength of 58 UB and 75 AB personnel under the Superintendent of Police. The district has one Dy. Superintendent of Police (HQ), one Fire Station with one Fire Tender at Baghmara and IBI with SIs and ASIs and 1 constable for intelligence work.